The name Muntjac originates from the Sudanese “mencek”, which means small deer. LIFE SPAN: 10 - 12 years. Their belly is creamy-white, with lighter fur extending to the neck, chin, and the underside of the tail. Conservation status. The Reeves Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Reeves's muntjacs are native to East Asia. Classification, To cite this page: The IUCN rates the species Lower Risk, Least Concern. How Long Does the Reeves Muntjac Deer Live? The doe (female) can give birth to fawn (young) and may conceive in any month of the year. Muntjac Deer lifespan and different subspecies are The exact lifespan of the various species of muntjac deer is not known, but males usually live between 15 and 20 years. During the 1920s, some individuals escaped and muntjac are now established in the wild. The buck (male) may pair-up with a female during courtship, and in rare cases remain close to the doe and fawn for a period of several months. Up to 40% of fawns die within the first four weeks of life. Breeding. The young leaves the mothers territory when it is just about six months old, after which it must fight for its own territory. Common Name: Reeves's muntjac. In captivity. The muntjac deer was introduced into the UK from China in the 20th century. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. Muntjac Deer. Lifespan is estimated as up to six years. 2 Roe deer. In some areas, where the population is large, they destroy a large number of trees by tearing off the bark. Muntjac Lifespan. Yes, it’s strange but true! They usually bear just one young at a time. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. This native British deer is rusty brown in the summer months, turning grey, pale brown or sometimes black in winter. Invasive, non-native species. There are 12 known species in this group of deer, as well as several subspecies, and they have unique features like canine tusks and small antlers. They are not restricted to a narrow rutting period. The males tend to be larger than the females. They can respond to their names when called, which should be given at a younger age. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1999. It is found in dense forest habitats at an elevation of 1500 – 2000 feet, where it s solitary and eats mostly fruit. This means that males mate with more than one female during each breeding season. When they sense the presence of a predator, they emit sounds that sound like a dog barking. Breeding is not restricted to a specific time of the year. Average lifespan: 10-13 years. Muntjac habitat includes rain forests, areas of dense vegetation, hilly country, and monsoon forests. Jackson, A. Unlike other deer species, the Reeves Muntjac is capable of breeding throughout the year. Muntjac deer side look at dusk. Muntjac are of great interest in evolutionary studies because of their dramatic chromosome variations and the recent discovery of several new species. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. When you come visit you might confuse them for a dog. rainforests, both temperate and tropical, are dominated by trees often forming a closed canopy with little light reaching the ground. they are native to India, southeast asia, and southern China. This native British deer is rusty brown in the summer months, turning grey, pale brown or sometimes black in winter. An experiment was conducted to show how captivity would affect the deer's behavior and survival rate. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Muntjacs, when scared, sounds like a dog; hence their common name “barking deer”. The muntjac deer was introduced into the UK from China in the 20th century. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. These muntjacs breed throughout the year. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. This material is based upon work supported by the found in the oriental region of the world. Hunters of pheasants in India can rely on the barking noises made by the muntjac as a warning signal of an approaching predator. They use their canines to bite and their forelegs to deliver strong blows in order to catch small warm-blooded animals. The doe (female) can give birth to fawn (young) and may conceive in any month of the year. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. By comparison an average adult man in Britain is 1.77m high and weighs 79kg.Muntjac are a russet brown colour for most of the year, turning to a dull grey in winter.Characteristically, muntjac have a ‘hunched’ appearance, as their rumps are higher than their shoulders. When they sense the presence of a predator, they emit sounds that sound like a dog barking. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. Opportunities range from community gardening, species surveying, caring for nature…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Search in feature forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. Red deer have a lifespan of up to 18 years. Hailing from Southeast Asia, the leaf muntjac is the smallest deer of the breed and can grow up to an average height of 20 inches, weighing a mere 10-20 pounds. History, distribution & habitat . Topics In other words, India and southeast Asia. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. The ears have very little hair. The average lifespan of a Père David deer is up to 18 years. They have a short coat of hair. The muntjac … Grzimek's Enclopedia of Mammals (vol.5). The males (bucks) are marginally larger than the females (does). The deer can jump up to 6 feet, therefore, it is advised to build at least a 6 foot high fence when constructing their enclosure. Conservation status: The Indian muntjac deer is considered a species of Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN. In this group the only the upper parts of the second and fifth digit metacarpals are present in the foreleg. Muntjac Deer The bark muntjac, leaf deer or Putao muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis) is a small species of muntjac. If healthy, they can live up to 16 years for males in captivity and female greater than 20 years. The reason for the latter name is their alarm call, which seems very much similar to the barking of a dog. reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female. Origin & Distribution: Reeves’ muntjac are native to SE China, including Taiwan and Hainan. The gestation period is around 180 days and the weight at birth is between 550 and 650 g. The common name of this Muntjac is the barking deer. Invasive, non-native species. The aim of this guide is to assist in the identification of muntjac deer, specifically in comparison to roe deer, and provide guidance on control of the species in Scotland. called barking deer because of their cry, muntjacs are solitary and nocturnal. Barking Deer Muntjac deer fall in the category of those deer that are shy and elusive. The Reeve's Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. The muntjac itself can be hunted for its meat and skins. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Muntjac deer, also called the mastreani deer, is a group of small deer found mainly in Southern Asia. Taxon Information Hear stags roar and see them clash antlers this autumn. Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjac Measurements: Head-Body Length- 70 to 80 cm Shoulder Height- 30 to 40 cm Weight- 15-20 kg Physical Appearance The Indian Muntjac is like all Muntjac species of deer a small and delicate looking animal. Walker's Mammals of the World. They reach sexual maturity at about 14 months. However, in captivity, they’re capable of a much longer lifespan of around 17 years, on average. Category: Deer. Leaf Muntjac (Leaf Deer) The Wildlife Conservation Society, based at the Bronx Zoo, says the animal is the world’s smallest deer species. Lifespan: Oddly for a deer, but reflecting their subtropical homelands, muntjac breed all year round. These deer also posses tusklike upper canines measuring about 1 inch long in males. The gestation period lasts from 209 to 220 days and females give birth to 1 or 2 fawns. The cells of the Indian Muntjac, Muntiacus muntjak, possess only six diploid chromosomes (males have seven chromosomes).A subspecies of the Asian Muntjac living in China, M. reveesi, has 46 chromosomes (Wurster and Benirschke, 1970). It has gained a stronghold in South East England, where it can cause damage to our woods through browsing. Average Lifespan: 10 to 14 years Average Height/Weight: 45 to 52 cm, 20 to 25 lb Best Aspect: Affectionate and love to play Biggest Downside: Bark/scream. Sometimes the adult muntjac allows another indiviual in its territory. having the capacity to move from one place to another. Average lifespan: 10-13 years. Contributor Galleries Muntjac deer are the smallest deer in Britain, about the size of a labrador dog. The deer can jump up to 6 feet, therefore, it is advised to build at least a 6 foot high fence when constructing their enclosure. They are small and cute but certainly not quiet. 2002. In captivity, they can easily add an additional five years to their lifespan. In the wild this tends to be 10 years for a male and 13 years for a female. Muntjac are a small but stocky species of deer that stand at around 0.44 to 0.52m tall at the shoulder.When fully grown males (bucks) weigh between 10 to 18kg as adults and females (does) weigh 9 to16kg. The coat can be thick and dense for those living in cooler climates, or thin and less dense for those living in warmer areas. The Indian muntjac (M. muntjak) is the mammal with the lowest recorded chromosome number: The male has a diploid number of 7, the female only 6 chromosomes. They like to be close to a water source. Invasive, non-native species. Muntjac Deer are generally shy, and they tend to live in thick woods, they are used to a cold and cool climate. The majority of adult doe are constantly pregnant during there 8-12 year lifespan in the wild. They are also known by the name of Kakad deer or the Barking deer in India. They have a deep reddish-brown glossy coat. Chinese muntjacs create trails through their territory that they use for ease of movement, similar to white-tailed deer of North America ( Odocoileus virginianus ). Accessed January 08, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Muntiacus_muntjak/. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. The muntjac may bark more frequently when its ability to see its surroundings is reduced as a result of the evironment. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. The buck (male) may pair-up with a female during courtship, and in rare cases remain close to the doe and fawn for a period of several months. During the rut their home ranges overlap for a short period. Mating Habits & Reproduction . 2. The Muntjac deer has no fixed breedin g season or rut. Origin & Distribution: The Chinese water deer is native to E China (Yangtze flood plain) and Korea. Common name - Muntjac deer (often called Reeves Muntjac); Scientific name - muntiacus reevesi; Size - smallest of all UK deer, adults stand approximately 45cm at the shoulder and have an average weight range of between 10 - 16kg. This could be a leopard or tiger which in turn can pose a threat to the hunters themselves. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Their shoulder height and the length of their tail ranges from 40-65 cm and 13-23 cm respectively. Reeves's muntjac (M. reevesi), in comparison, has a diploid number of 46 chromosomes. Chinese water deer are active throughout the 24-hour period with the peak time of activity around dusk. The Indian muntjac (M. muntjak) is the mammal with the lowest recorded chromosome number: The male has a diploid number of 7, the female only 6 chromosomes. A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). Muntiacus muntjak, also known as the Indian muntjac, have small antlers present in males which are relatively short with long burrs. The Muntjac deer has no fixed breedin g season or rut. When to see January to December. They were deliberately released into surrounding woodlands from 1901 onwards, but there have been numerous releases, translocations, and escapes. The common name of this Muntjac is the barking deer. Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjac Measurements: Head-Body Length- 70 to 80 cm Shoulder Height- 30 to 40 cm Weight- 15-20 kg Physical Appearance The Indian Muntjac is like all Muntjac species of deer a small and delicate looking animal. Two areas were created; one with a large area containing a few Père David's deer present and one with a small area containing a high concentration of Père David's deer present. Muntjac deer are one of the few species of deer, and probably the only obtainable one, that can be kept as house pets because they reach the size of a medium-sized dog. Unlike other deer species, this is exactly what they tend to be kept for. e) Musk deer facts. Males are slightly larger than […] Muntjac deer is also widely known as the barking deer, due its unique cry that resembles the bark of a dog. Muntjac Deer are generally shy, and they tend to live in thick woods, they are used to a cold and cool climate. Indian muntjacs are amongst the oldest known deer species, with their fossils date back 15 to 35 million years ago. Average lifespan Status: captivity 17.6 years Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Average lifespan Status: captivity 17.0 years Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Behavior. If healthy, they can live up to 16 years for males in captivity and female greater than 20 years. Lifespan/Longevity. Wild males 10 years and 13 years for a female. They are also known as barking deer due to their distinctive barking sound. Disclaimer: Reeves's muntjacs have a polygynous mating system. The small antlers with three prongs on males are known as tines. Muntjaks also thrive very well in zoos. They can respond to their names when called, which should be given at a younger age. Species of Deer name: Average LifeSpan: Moose: 15-25years: Elk: 10-13 years: Reindeer: 15-18years: Roe deer: 10years: Red Deer: 10-13years: Sambar Deer: 20-26years: Muntjac Deer: 13-16years (males)Less than 20years: White tail deer: 6-14years "Muntiacus muntjak" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Meet our Reeve's Muntjac Deer. The females have tufts of hair and small bony knobs that are in the location of the antlers in males. Types Of Muntjac. The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called the red muntjac, common muntjac or barking deer, is the most numerous muntjac deer species. When to see January to December. Protected in the UK under the Deer Act 1991. The Reeves Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. In captivity, they can easily add an additional five years to their lifespan. This in turn can lead to a loss of food sources as well as a loss of wood that can be used to provide shelter. Small, secretive and constantly on the move, the muntjac is a challenging quarry for the deer stalker. A terrestrial biome. In the wild, the average barking deer lives between 10-12 years, generally speaking. Although they are adorable to look at, these animals know how to fend for themselves! About The small, Chinese muntjac deer was introduced to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire at the start of the 20th century and rapidly spread into the surrounding area. The Muntjac (Muntiacinae, Cervidae) is one of the phylogenetically oldest species of deer and can be found in many (Asian) countries. Their body length ranges from 89-135 cm. Family: Cervidae. Convergent in birds. Grzimek, D., D. Badrian, D. Herre, R. Hess, M. Jones. Muntjac deer fact 4 Female muntjac deer are more expensive than males and one female can cost many times the price of a male. Indian muntjacs are amongst the oldest known deer species, with their fossils date back 15 to 35 million years ago. Red deer have a lifespan of up to 18 years. The majority of adult doe are constantly pregnant during there 8-12 year lifespan in the wild. Find out where to see one of the most dramatic and impressive animal displays in…, Although introduced by the Normans, the fallow deer has been here so long that it is considered naturalised. They have been introduced in Texas, the Andaman Islands, and on Lombok. Males are slightly larger than […] Life Span: Up to 16 years for males in captivity and female >20 years. Indian Muntjac… Adria Jackson (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Phil Myers (editor), Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. They will constantly play with each other, or with humans. Mating Habits & Reproduction . Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. 1. They originated in southeast China and were brought to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire, by John Russell Reeves in 1838. Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small ruminant of the genus muntiacus. The name Muntjac originates from the Sudanese “mencek”, which means small deer. Lifespan: The Indian muntjac deer has a lifespan of 15−20 years. Protected in the UK under the Deer Act 1991. The adult male and female muntjacs are solitary. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. About The small, Chinese muntjac deer was introduced to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire at the start of the 20th century and rapidly spread into the surrounding area. Muntiacus reevesi. These males are not aggressive nor are they ready to mate. Unlike other antlered deer, the muntjac uses its horns to shove an opponent off balance and inflict a tusk blow to the face or head that will hopefully puncture the skin of the face, neck or ears. Lifespan: Oddly for a deer, but reflecting their subtropical homelands, muntjac breed all year round. Conservation status. They are known to develop very quickly after birth. Sitka deer have been introduced to different areas as both an ornamental and game species. 1990. The Indian muntjac falls into the subgroup of the deer family that have plesiometacarpals. They also display both diurnal and nocturnal activity. A deer that sounds like a dog? with grateful acknowledgement to BDS Library Indian muntjac deer, also known as the Mastreani deer, are small deer mainly found in Southern Asia. Lifespan: Known to live at least six years. Muntjac Deer Red List Classification: GB: ... Lifespan: Up to 16 years for males in captivity and female >20 years. Muntjac Deer come from China and Southern Asia. Chinese water deer were first kept at London Zoo in 1873 but escaped from Whipsnade Zoo in 1929. The body is small and compact, and the legs short and slender. Muntjac deer is also widely known as the barking deer, due its unique cry that resembles the bark of a dog. There are a total of 15 different subspecies of barking deer. Muntjac Deer lifespan and different subspecies are. Reeves's muntjacs are reddish-brown in appearance with striped markings on their face. A study done in 1987 showed that there are 140,000-150,000 Muntiacus muntjak in China. Reeves's muntjac (M. reevesi), in comparison, has a diploid number of 46 chromosomes. New York, St. Louis, San Francisco: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Muntjac deer are the eldest deer. Unlike other deer species Reeve's Muntjac are capable of breeding throughout the year, and are not restricted to a narrow rutting period. The color of the coat is golden tan on the dorsal side, white on the ventral side, and the limbs and face are dark brown. Indian muntjac deer, also known as the Mastreani deer, are small deer mainly found in Southern Asia. Muntiacus muntjak can be found in southern and southeastern Asia, from Pakistan east through India and Nepal, across southeast Asia and southern China. Unlike other deer species, the Reeves Muntjac is capable of breeding throughout the year. Roe deer are easily startled – their rumps bounding through forests and crops are a familiar sight to walkers and cyclists. Walker, E., R. Nowak. After feeding, long periods are spent ‘lying up’ where the deer lie down to ruminate. The exact lifespan of the various species of muntjac deer is not known, but males usually live between 15 and 20 years. Look out for groups of…, Volunteer to help wildlife in your local area. They have spots into adulthood; They can live up to 25 years; As a very social species, if they are kept alone, they will need a lot of attention and socialization. Roe deer are easily startled – their rumps bounding through forests and crops are a familiar sight to walkers and cyclists. The small antlers with three prongs on males are known as tines. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! The average lifespan of a Père David deer is up to 18 years. National Science Foundation they are native to India, southeast asia, and southern China. Registered charity number 207238. called barking deer because of their cry, muntjacs are solitary and nocturnal. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. There are 12 known species in this group of deer, as well as several subspecies, and they have unique features like canine tusks and small antlers. September evening Suffolk. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. In the first year of life, the female muntjac reaches sexual maturity. It has gained a stronghold in South East England, where it can cause damage to our woods through browsing. Protected in the UK under the Deer Act 1991. However, the other animal must be a male without complete antlers. Muntjac deer fact file. They may bark for more than an hour to make a predator show itself or leave the area. Introduced to Woburn Park, Bedfordshire, in 1894, they were deliberately released into surrounding woodlands from 1901 onward. Muntjacs are omnivorous, feeding on herbs, fruit, birds' eggs, small animals, sprouts, seeds, and grasses. They were introduced to Woburn Park, Bedfordshire, in 1896, and Whipsnade Zoo in 1929-30. Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small ruminant of the genus muntiacus. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. 2 Roe deer. The body is small and compact, and the legs short and slender. Muntjac deer are the eldest deer. Some of their predators include pythons, jackals, tigers, leopards, and crocodiles. Muntjac are of great interest in evolutionary studies because of their dramatic chromosome variations and the recent discovery of several new species. They are polyestrous with the estrous cycle lasting 14-21 days and the estrus lasting about 2 days. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. Muntjac deer, also called the mastreani deer, is a group of small deer found mainly in Southern Asia. They may bark for more than an hour to make a predator show itself or leave the area. Of subtropical and tropical, are small deer cite this page: Jackson, a male and 13 for. Russell Reeves in 1838 longer lifespan of a much longer lifespan of 16,... Information Contributor Galleries Topics Classification, to cite this page: Jackson, a around.. Are omnivorous, feeding on herbs, fruit, birds ' eggs, small animals sprouts! But may be somewhat seasonal similar to the neck, chin, and the legs short and slender the! Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the latter name is their alarm call, which should be given at younger! 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