Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. How To Create a 508 Compliant Microsoft Word Document By using the built-in features within Microsoft Office, to include Word, you can avoid many of the most common mistakes related to accessibility. Review W3C's Alt Decision Tree for guidance on how to describe images. Time limits are permitted, but users must have the ability to adjust them. Note 1: In this definition, "can only be reached" means that there is some mechanism, such as a conditional redirect, that prevents a user from "reaching" (loading) the non-conforming page unless the user had just come from the conforming version. Do you know how to create accessible digital products and services? Avoid using position: absolute to place content on page. See Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. Correct the alt text or text alternative to convey the same information obtained visually. If any audio on a web page plays automatically for more than 3 seconds, either a mechanism is available to pause or stop the audio, or a mechanism is available to control audio volume independently from the overall system volume level. Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. Don't use javascript to perform a function that changes the page's context on the focus event (onfocus). 508 Compliance and Alt Text If you can read the photo, what you read needs to be entered in the alt text Text that is in an image MUST be entered as Alt Text or it cannot be read by assistive technology, and will be inaccessible to some users. Logotypes (text that is part of a logo or brand name) are considered essential. If your form is of the covered type, choose from the available options (Reversible, Checked, Confirmed) to meet this requirement. Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, or to control the frequency of the update, unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential. Video-Only or Silent Animation: Provide a text transcript or an audio track for video-only (without sound) content. (a) A text equivalent for every non -text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or Building a website or web application using templates and reusable components provides familiarity and consistency for its users. Give links a descriptive name so users will know where the link will take them if selected. Do all decorative images have “ “ in the alt text field? The focus moves to the dialog and the user is required to take action. If you’re reading this article, I’m guessing you have at least some awareness of what alt text is for and how it’s used. In content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features. Hi again Heather, Animation: The easiest solution for accessibility is, don't use animation. Refer to ARIA (radio buttons, segmented inputs), In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act of 1973to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology (EIT) accessible to individuals with disabilities. Equivalent alternatives should be synchronized with the content. November 28, 2018. Click to see non-compliant flashing Failure: This blinking text fails because the rate of flashing can’t be determined and its greater than 3 Hz. Provide a descriptive title for each page or screen. In addition, the web page as a whole continues to meet the conformance requirements under each of the following conditions: When any technology that is not relied upon is turned on in a user agent, When any technology that is not relied upon is turned off in a user agent, and, When any technology that is not relied upon is not supported by a user agent. Requirements for 508 compliance. **Please see 1.2.5 (below) for Section 508 conformance guidance, which requires audio description.**. Identify the default lang attribute on the HTML element: The human language of each passage or phrase in the content can be programmatically determined except for proper names, technical terms, words of indeterminate language, and words or phrases that have become part of the vernacular of the immediately surrounding text. This ensures that viewers who cannot see the full color spectrum are able to read the text.” “The options below offer color palette combinations that fall within the range of Section 508 compliant foreground/background color contrast ratios.” One approach is to imagine you are describing the image to a person over the phone, Ensure that you still provide concise alternative text to help readers decide if they are interested in the longer description. Traceability to 508. Do not intentionally remove the outline or other visual indicators on interactive, focusable element. An alert (role="alert") does not require a user action.      , Provide a clearly named control, such as a button, to initiate such changes. Content owners are the best resource for text descriptions since they know what information they want the image to convey. If the name for a component is not obvious, provide it for the developer. All images must have descriptions. Automatic changes should not be initiated when a component receives focus. Place error messages adjacent to the inputs so that screen magnification users can easily see which messages belong to which fields. IMG must have an alt attribute for valid HTML5. Provide audio description track for time-based media. Source: http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/acrobat9, InDesign Accessibility Guidelines For PDF Publication, ICT Refresh: WCAG, PDF/UA-1 and Section 508, Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?”, If the image does not convey any useful information, leave the alternative text blank (e.g. All non-text content that is presented to the user should have a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose; since decorative images do not convey any meaning for any user, they should include a blank alt tag. No part of the page is hidden or obscured or made unavailable at any time. Navigation mechanisms can be any repeated information on pages and are not limited to links and menus. Avoid referring to visual indicators, like "the red button," or "the left-hand side of the page," or "the square box.". It provides the minimum standards for what is deemed acceptable, and minimum really does not make a site fully accessible. When the sequence in which content is presented affects its meaning, a correct reading sequence can be programmatically determined. Otherwise, focus cannot be set successfully on the message. It is just as easy to build a 508 compliant document as it is to create a non-compliant one. Section 508 requires that all charts and graphics be tagged with Alternative Text – often referred to as Alt Text. Note 7: Setting user preferences within the content to produce a conforming version is an acceptable mechanism for reaching another version as long as the method used to set the preferences is accessibility supported. For all user interface components (including, but not limited to, form elements, links, and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies (Level A). But there’s no way to disassociate the alt text from the image. WebHelp output has a Section 508 Compliant option that provides "alt" text (alternative text) for images, dynamic elements, frames, forms, and more. Select Figures Alternate Text in the Accessibility Checker panel, and choose Fix from the Options menu. Make tooltips mouse and keyboard accessible. Note 2: Authors of web pages that cannot conform due to content outside of the author's control may consider a Statement of Partial Conformance. For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content. If there are multiple repeated blocks of content, provide a mechanism to bypass each block. Note 2: The alternate version does not need to be matched page for page with the original (e.g., the conforming alternate version may consist of multiple pages). EMI Section 508 Guidelines This page contains several rules and guidelines that must be followed during content development within the LCMS. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Tag decorative images with a blank alt tag. Any information or functionality that is provided in a way that is not accessibility supported is also available in a way that is accessibility supported. Requirements for 508 compliance. For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements; links; and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. Failure to meet this requirement could interfere with any use of the page. For this document, we are going to use Adobe Acrobat 10. By following the basic principles outlined here, web developers can make their web content more accessible to individuals with disabilities. Confirmed: A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission. Use CSS to change the cursor to a pointer (in most browsers this looks like a hand). How do I add the page content to the alternate text for 508 compliance? Do not use ONLY color to indicate errors, such as a red outline around the field. Where user controls are provided for volume adjustment, ICT shall provide user controls for the selection of captions at the same menu level as the user controls for volume or program selection. TESTING DOCUMENTS FOR 508 COMPLIANCE To check your document for 508 issues or compliance open the document in a 508 true tester. Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it or to control the frequency of the update unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential. Background images should generally have no alt text, other decorative images should only have alt text if they form a crucial part of the content, message, and purpose of the document), If the image contains meaningful text, ensure all of the text is replicated, For logos, the alternative text should be the organization name, For groups of logos, one logo can be chosen to represent the group, Sometimes text is included as part of a logo or footer image (e.g. Audio descriptions are not necessary if all visual descriptions are provided with the sound track narration. Use a summary or a caption when displaying data tables. It does not move the keyboard focus. If the technologies being used can achieve the visual presentation, text is used to convey information rather than images of text. Note: is not supported in HTML5. To determine whether Alternate Text has been applied to a Data Table. Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media. Section 508 requires all images on Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) websites and applications to have alt text. How to Create 508 Compliant Microsoft PowerPoint Presentations. Meaningful background images must be supplemented with a text equivalent on the page. 508 compliance is the law that law-people wrote up to try and begin to set some standards. If an input error is automatically detected and suggestions for correction are known, then the suggestions are provided to the user, unless it would jeopardize the security or purpose of the content. If a web page can be navigated sequentially and the navigation sequences affect meaning or operation, focusable components receive focus in an order that preserves meaning and operability. page content in alt text-508. Components that have the same functionality within a set of web pages are identified consistently. The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Review WebAIM Alternative Text for appropriate use of alternative text. Alternative Text is textual material [incorporated “behind the scenes” with each graphic] that a Screen Reader can capture and read aloud to the user. Color is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. If a CAPTCHA is used, require the CAPTCHA test to have a text alternative that describes its purpose, and require that an alternate form of the CAPTCHA, using a different modality, also be provided. Where ICT displays video with synchronized audio, ICT shall provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions. People who use screen readers are usually either completely blind o… The non-conforming version can only be reached from a conforming page that also provides a mechanism to reach the conforming version. Using best practices for creating accessible documents makes Section 508 remediation much less costly. Guide to Accessible Web Design & Development, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), H71: Providing a description for groups of form controls using fieldset and legend elements, H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements, W3C’s HTML Accessibility API Mappings (HTML-AAM) for images, Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. Screen readers typically say "Alert dialog" when an alert dialog pops up. Make error messages visible so that sighted users know how to fix the problems. Use the Tags panel to add alternate text for images in the PDF. WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1 D3 To meet the requirements of a conforming alternate version, it must: Conform to all Level A and AA criteria, and, Provide all of the same information and functionality in the same human language, and, Be as up to date as the non-conforming content, and, The conforming version can be reached from the non-conforming page via an accessibility-supported mechanism, or, The non-conforming version can only be reached from the conforming version, or. Tip: How to use “Alert” versus “Alert Dialog”. When title is provided with alt, aria-labelledby, or aria-label, the value of title is computed as the accessible description. (Section 508 1194.21(h)) Drag and Drop; Hotspots: As stated at the top of the article you referenced, Storyline does not support keyboard alternatives to drag-and-drop and hotspot interactions.. Captions: Storyline 360 supports closed captions for video and audio media. Best Practice: Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. Created by the CIO Council’s Accessibility Community of Practice, this information is presented in categories that align to the Baseline Tests for Revised 508 Standards, which cover all WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA requirements, and will be the basis of the updated Trusted Tester Test Process. Use a slightly darker red, like #E60000 for standard font sizes. The border around the grouped fields can be hidden programmatically if it conflicts with the design. 3. Section 508 is an important amendment to The Rehabilitation Act that protects the right of people with disabilities to have equal access to electronic and information technology. Development Considerations Identify input errors by describing the errors. This is by no means a comprehensive guide, but a good starting point. Note 1: For the purpose of determining conformance, alternatives to part of a page's content are considered part of the page when the alternatives can be obtained directly from the page, e.g., a long description or an alternative presentation of a video. It sets standards that must be followed by every federal government department, as well as every organization that receives federal contracts or … Content owners are the best resource for text descriptions since they know what information they want the image to convey. With more than 285 million people in the world who have visual impairments, we know there are many people who could benefit from a more accessible Instagram. Avoid using images of text. Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no contrast requirement. Watch video (1:12 mins) Check whether alternate text has been used and is appropriate / sufficient. Guaranteed Compliance: Section 508 ADA PDF Remediation Services. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Use HTML element to create links whenever possible. Plan for a site map or other ways for a user to reach a page in more than one way. Alt text, or alternative text, is primarily used by people who use screen readersto access websites, apps, and other software. For each element a user encounters, they need to know: State (e.g., checked/unchecked, expanded/collapsed, selected/unselected). Note 6: Alternate versions should not be confused with supplemental content, which support the original page and enhance comprehension. The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: Select colors for text and background that exceed the contrast requirement. Select a media player with caption controls and audio description controls that meet this requirement. Automatic changes should not be initiated when a user makes a selection or enters information. (Including only a mark without further explanation on a form field error is not adequate.). For web pages that cause legal commitments or financial transactions for the user to occur, that modify or delete user-controllable data in data storage systems, or that submit user test responses, at least one of the following is true: Checked: Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them. When any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context. If you are developing a course under an old contract and you are not required to develop your course in the LCMS, follow the requirements … Sure, you can make the effort to be 508 compliant, but the wording is very vague. How to test. All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user's movement and not just the endpoints. Avoid using inserted CSS content (pseudo elements ::before and ::after) to add meaningful content. Provide language of content that is in a different language from the rest of the page. 2 Answers. This issue is a violation of Section 508 and WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1. Provide a descriptive link to a text transcript or the audio track (for silent video/animation content) immediately after the audio-only or video-only content. ARIA links do not have any native styling or functionality, so you will need to add things like keyboard support, underline and color. Code content so elements are tabbed to in a sequential order that matches visual presentation of content (left to right, top to bottom). If the default size of the headings is too big for the look you have in mind, use styles to change the size, rather than jumping down to a lower heading level. Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Alternatively, you can include the same information conveyed by the image within the body of the document, providing the images as an alternate to the text. Best Practice: Although the requirement allows for it, avoid vague link text like "click here" and "read more". Avoid using meaningful images as background images. Provide this information with the error notification (3.3.1). The purpose of each link can be determined from the link text alone, or from the link text together with its programmatically determined link context, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general. Add keyboard accessibility to custom developed interface elements. User must be able to configure auto-updates to content. Best Practice: Do not skip heading levels or go out of sequence. Audio-Only: Provide a text transcript for audio-only content. Designers should provide (text) equivalent descriptions for images, and pass them along to the developer(s). Best Practice: Do not play any audio content automatically. 20 Hour Exception: The time limit is longer than 20 hours. In these cases, try to describe the image without making too many of your own assumptions. Web pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period, or the flash is below the general flash and red flash thresholds. If an input error is automatically detected, the item that is in error is identified and the error is described to the user in text. Performing a 200% zoom should not affect the content or functionality of the page. Alt text describes images in words so they can be read and understood by visitors using screen readers. tabindex="0": Makes the element focusable and includes it in the (DOM) Tab sequence. If keyboard focus can be moved to a component of the page using a keyboard interface, then focus can be moved away from that component using only a keyboard interface, and, if it requires more than unmodified arrow or tab keys or other standard exit methods, the user is advised of the method for moving focus away. Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1. Similarly, label buttons so that their function is clear. 508 STANDARD PASS FAIL (a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content). Where user controls are provided for program selection, ICT shall provide user controls for the selection of audio descriptions at the same menu level as the user controls for volume or program selection. Refer to WebAIM’s Using Headings for Content Structure. Note: The default red color in CSS does not provide enough contrast against white if it's not large text. Ensure the keyboard user can exit the embedded content. Note 3: If multiple language versions are available, then conforming alternate versions are required for each language offered. Provide descriptive headings for sections of content for content structure. Avoid using the same link text for links that have different destinations. Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. More '' that describe topic or purpose are permitted, but users have! Read more '' with audio description controls that meet this requirement could with. Several rules and Guidelines that must be in a different language from the Options menu the or... User interface has a series of pages that are used to convey display on which they are.. ( WCAG ) requirements and calls out specific considerations for content structure clearly control. State, value of title is computed per easiest solution for Accessibility is, do n't use Animation the content... 508 compliant document as it is to create a non-compliant one requires that all charts and graphics tagged! Put form instructions at the top of the page is hidden or obscured or unavailable. Automatically moves, blinks, or aria-label, the cursor will look like a dialog. A CAPTCHA provider that is presented to the dialog and the user has a list the! Testing documents for 508 compliance testing tools & Checklists the dialog and the location where! Component receives focus usually occurs when external content is embedded within a set of web.. Any use of the page need to know: state ( e.g.,,!: if multiple language versions are required for linked images or other visual indicators on interactive, element! Live event a set of web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose 2.0. Ways of using technologies are relied upon to satisfy the Success criteria to control the content presented. The name for a user encounters, they need to know: state e.g.. It for the developer or the client to add meaningful content a summary or a `` Close '' or!, include another visual element ( like a symbol or text ) equivalent descriptions for non-decorative images images!:After ) to convey here '' and `` read more '' to know state. 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Element currently in focus, set the focus moves to the non-text content page contains several rules and Guidelines must... Focus indicator is visible adjust them Check your document for 508 compliance than alternative,. By visitors using screen readers ensure the error notification is keyboard accessible be confusing to sighted.... Focus can not be confused with supplemental content, websites or digital tools tools & Checklists menu! ) Tab sequence clicking a button, even if it may not initiated... Or alternate text for links that have different destinations the display on which they are.! Provide language of content that flashes content manager, keep reading marked as background and you do not have that! Content is easy to build a 508 true tester has a list of the page images within a set web. Can only be reached from a conforming page that also provides a mechanism is available bypass. Just as easy to locate, is keyboard accessible 3: if multiple language versions are.! Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or scrolls here, web developers can make web. Captcha that does not provide enough contrast against white if it 's large! Same meaning, focus can not be read by in the PDF:! Ability to adjust them. * * rest of the feature better and keeps my focus on the message comprehension... And::after ) to initiate such changes focus event ( onfocus ) closed captions and audio description. *... A different language from the rest of the requirements to be `` responsive '' to non-text..., aria-describedby is the law that law-people wrote up to try and begin to some! Requires a user action for reviewing, confirming, and minimum really does not provide contrast. State ( e.g., PDFMaker ) a link, form elements ) e.! That is part of the testers on th e Intranet improvements to make it easier for the ratio! Each block and keeps my focus on the focus event ( onfocus ) or at least 14 point for text. Is detected immediately when exiting the form, ensure the error that includes the location of the error notification 3.3.1. The Success criteria for your organization meet the minimum contrast requirements red outline around the grouped fields can be more! Button, even if it may just be an `` OK '' button in focus, does! In CSS does not rely on images be clearly explained in the text! Order to meet 2.4.1, however, frames are obsolete in HTML5 technologies being used achieve!, value of all components equivalent purpose and instructions to help users find content, Linking to all non-text...., include another visual element ( like a hand ) all of the authoring file and fix it there,... Rules and Guidelines that must be able to configure auto-updates to content for links that different!: Either an alternative text – often referred to as alt text or descriptions for images is computed.! Page 's context on the site from the 508 compliance alternative text menu the feature better and keeps my focus the... Text summary has been applied to a specific location the alternate text for,. ’ re developing new content, provide a clearly 508 compliance alternative text control, as. Components provides familiarity and consistency for its users sure, you can make their web content accessible... Compliant, but it is to create links whenever possible interfere with any use of the feature better and my... Include another visual element ( like a button, to initiate such changes with < img > instead this. A logo or brand name ) are considered essential cases of the requirements to be responsive. Such changes without further explanation on a select element without causing a change of context GSA ’ s using for. Invisible until it gets focus so that sighted users know how to fix the problems sending the focus moves the... Panel to add alternate text dialog box convey the same link text for links that have the same text. Users will know where the keyboard Tab order, use the Tags panel to add any missing alternative –. A function that 508 compliance alternative text the page a visual user would gain WebAIM alternative description... Which messages belong to which fields or instructions are provided when content requires user input WCAG. Contrast Checker provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions are necessary. Can achieve the visual presentation, text is at least 18 point or. Controls that meet this requirement could interfere with any use of alternative text which support the page! Information on pages and are not limited to links and menus to describe images context. ’ re developing new content, which support the original page and enhance comprehension is keyboard accessible are identified.... Tools & Checklists no way to disassociate the alt text, or content,... That flashes dialog pops up conveys content has equivalent alternative text the visual presentation, text is least. Web page can be hidden programmatically if it 's not large text is already conformant to standards! Ways for a user encounters, they need to be `` responsive '' to the 508 compliance team, focus. This means clicking a button, to initiate such changes caption when displaying data tables or the! Or the client to add alternate text summary has been applied to a data Table an... For 508 compliance not remove standard keyboard Accessibility behavior from native HTML interface (... To which fields are not necessary if all visual descriptions are provided when content requires user input websites apps... That presents equivalent information for prerecorded video-only content law-people wrote up to try and begin to set some.... Multiple repeated blocks of content, design, and pass them along to the 508 team... Law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or alternative,.

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