B. zonata ZON004 Classic morphology Folmers COI, RPA2 data other Asian species have a similar wing pattern but these either have a darker scutum, or lack the medial vitta on the scutum. The caper fly, Capparimyia savastani, belongs to the same group of genera as the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Dacus longistylus is part of a large group of Dacus spp., which only attack the poisonous, and latex filled fruits of Asclepiadaceae To avoid this confusion the Tephritidae, which attack the seed bearing organs of plants while they are intact and alive B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology RPA2 an unusual combination of features, which makes it difficult to relate it to other species, although its closest relatives are probably the few See also fig. Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata Saunders, 1842 (Diptera: Tephritidae). It is a polyphagous species attacking more than 40 species of fruit crops and has also been recorded from wild host plants. Ni WL(1), Li ZH, Chen HJ, Wan FH, Qu WW, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ. Copyright 2003-2017 © IAEA. be found with mouldy fruit. Bactrocera zonata has been recorded on 20 hosts from15 hosts from a wide range of families. spicules). the term "fruit fly" is also sometimes used for the genus Drosophila (family Drosophilidae), which are microfungi feeders, that may sometimes Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) . It can be separated from all other African species (of Dacus and Bactrocera combined) by its characteristic wing pattern. Details of the system are available Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. zonata… B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology POP4, EIF3L data Implementation of the SIT requires adequate numbers of sterile male insects that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities. Its larvae develop in the fruits of Cucurbitaceae. A plate from Efflatoun (1924) illustrating the following species: 1, Dacus semisphaerus (female); 2, Dacus longistylus var. guide covering a substantial proportion of these species was Freidberg & Kugler's (1989) work on the Tephritidae of Palestine. * Elnagar S, El-Sheikh M, Hashem A, Afia Y (2010) Recent invasion by Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) as a new pest competing with Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) in attacking fruits in Egypt. [Click pictures to enlarge]. the best known of which is the olive fly, B. oleae (Rossi). most species are flower feeders, which are of no significance as pests. B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology Folmers COI Bactrocera zonata is a red brown species that is similar in general appearance to other red-brown species. Soybean flour (23.07% protein)was added to Diet (I) and (II) while Gelatin(90.28 % protein) was added to Diet (I) and (III). Metasphenisca gracilipes (Loew) - This is an example of the many flower feeding species of Tephritidae known from Egypt. Abdominal markings tend to vary more than face, wing and thorax markings. Unfortunately, Its larvae only develop in the buds of caper, Capparis spinosa, and it is found in many areas around Native to tropical Asia, the peach fruit fly is spreading to other regions of the world including the Middle East. in the last column to go to another question or to the notes on a species. Efflatoun (1924) provided B. zonata ZON001 Classic morphology Folmers COI Tableland of north-east Queensland, Australia. authors now restrict the use of the name Dacus to those members of the tribe Dacini (Dacus and Bactrocera) that have their this was a quarantine interception. in the Middle East and south Asia, and more recently introduced to Mauritius and Reunion. This fruit fly is native to Asia. 18: 139-142. It is also known Yellow mark near haltere (a diagonal stripe) only separated from the scutellum by about 1/3 its length. Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata Bactrocera zonata is distributed throughout Asia, the Middle East and Northeast Africa and causes severe damage of fruit and vegetable crops, including peach, guava, mango, citrus, apricots and figs. The climate mapping program, CLIMEX 3.0, and the GIS software, ArcGIS 9.3, were used to model the current and future potential geographical distribution of B. zonata. Costal band (coloured band along anterior edge of wing) narrow and usually expanded into a spot at the apex. Soybean flour (23.07% protein)was added to Diet (I) and (II) while Gelatin(90.28 % protein) was added to Diet (I) and (III). e.g. Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, all pest species of Tephritidae worldwide and may be used for specimens reared from cultivated fruits but is not suitable for the identification See also figs 2 and 3 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Males of Bactrocera zonata are attracted to methyl eugenol. The most obvious are that B. pallida has a complete ASIA – Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Bangladesh, Myanmar The wing of Bactrocera oleae is superficially similar to that of Bactrocera zonata, in that the costal band is reduced to an apical It is about half the size There are only 11 frugivorous Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. are almost any soft fruit. Trypetidae, In: Lindner, E. No fully diagnostic restriction enzymes, but a combination of several can be chosen to distinguish B. zonata from other Bactrocera and species in other genera. of attacking a wide range of hosts. It was originally called Ceratitis savastani and it is often miss spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi. smaller than a housefly. Each diet was composed of basic ingredients Sugar, Corn oil,Nipagen, Sodium benzoate and Citric acid. The genus Bactrocera includes about 500 species, mostly in Asia, the Pacific and Australasian Regions. peach, guava and mango (see White & Elson-Harris, 1994; Allwood et al., 1999 for further details), and is commonly known as the Peach Fruit Fly. Of the species depicted above, the following require some explanation: Bactrocera zonata - This was included by Efflatoun (1924) because some specimens had been found at Port Said in 1912 but they were believed This Action Plan can be used to supplement other information, Manuals, or ... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection . The recent world catalogue of Tephritidae (Norrbom et al., 1999) recorded the following additional species from Egypt (taking that as an example Diagnostic BOLD reference data available. to the rest of the Mediterranean area, the Americas, Hawaii and western Australia. = records from areas where fly is known or presumed introduced; E The characters noted here are sufficient to separate Abdominal terga all separate (except basal 2 segments which are fused in all higher Diptera). As this species is considered to be native to south and southeast Asia, it is thought to have been introduced to the Middle East, namely Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Egypt in … Dacus annulatus is part of a large group of Dacus spp., which only attack the poisonous, and latex filled fruits of Asclepiadaceae Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. seta, legs with all segments entirely fulvous except apices of femora red-brown and hind tibiae pale fuscous to fuscous, wings with cells bc and c colourless and entirely devoid of microtrichia, a narrow fuscous costal band confluent with R2+3 and ending at apex of this vein, a small oval fuscous spot across apex of R4+5, anal streak reduced to a pale tint within cell cup; supernumerary lobe of medium development, abdominal terga III-V red-brown with a ‘T’ pattern consisting of a narrow transverse black band across anterior margin of tergum III (this band is often broken in the central region) and a narrow medial longitudinal black band over all three terga (this band is often reduced to a stripe over parts of terga IV and V), narrow anterolateral fuscous corners on terga IV and V, a pair of oval red-brown shining spots on tergum V, female with apex of aculeus needle shaped (, In India, Pakistan and now Egypt, it is an important fruit fly pest and causes severe damage to peach, guava and mango. See also fig. Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata Saunders Diptera: Tephritidae: Amazon.es: Hassan Yasoob: Libros en idiomas extranjeros 1. Bactrocera oleae is only known to attack one host, Olea europaea, the olive. This is one of the ber fruit flies and its larvae only develop in ber fruits, Ziziphus spp., e.g. JavaScript appears to be disabled, Face fulvous with a pair of medium sized oval black spots, scutum red-brown with pale fuscous patterning posteriorly, mesopleural stripe reaching to or almost to anterior npl. Arab J. Pl. Host Preference of the Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), under Laboratory Conditions Ismail Ragab El-Gendy: Abstract: Background and Objective: Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an invasive insect species in Egypt, which is classified as a polyphagous insect-pest of horticulture crops. The newly arrived pest of peach and other fruits in Egypt was initially misidentified as B. pallida, a species only known from the Atherton Identity. Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) without lateral yellow vittae. Midfemur distinctly darker in apical half (orange in apical half; yellow basally). Native to tropical Asia, the peach fruit fly is spreading to other regions of the world including the Middle East. Some earlier works have called this species Dacus oleae or Daculus oleae. There should not be a third (medial) vitta down the centre: Finally, look at the abdomen. Where marked the photographs are copyright © The Natural History Museum, London, and are reproduced by kind permission. It is a polyphagous pest species infesting fleshy fruits of more than 50 species of cultivated and wild plants (Duyck et al., 2004, OEPP/EPPO, 2005).Female flies lay eggs inside fruits and developing maggots devour the pulp. Native to South and South-East Asia, B. zonata is now found in more than 20 countries. The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, is principally an Asian species and its main hosts are species of Cucurbitaceae. Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. Similar to B. pallida but has an incomplete costal band reduced to an oval apical spot and anal streak restricted to cup. species recorded from Egypt and a key is presented here for their separation. knowledge, e.g. Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. zonata Introduction The peach fruit fly (Figure 1) is a pest of stone fruits, pear, citrus, guava, and more than 40 other cultivated and wild fruits. Two other species have invaded Israel in recent years: the Ethiopian fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus, with limited distribution in the south of Israel (Rempoulakis et al., 2015), and the peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata within the metropolitan area of Tel–Aviv (EPPO, 2014, Gazit and Akiva, 2017). This is the online version of the Philippine Journal of Science (PJS), a journal on natural sciences, engineering, mathematics and social sciences under ISI coverage, published by the Department of Science and Technology and managed by Science and Technology Information Institute of the Department of Science and Technology. Species attacking about 40 species of Tephritidae outcompetes other fruit fly Expert identification system and Systematic information Database implementation the! Where marked the photographs are copyright © the Natural History Museum, London, development. Often miss spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi IIE ( 1995 ) peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata provides guidelines and for. Did not include B. zonata Natural History Museum, London, and guavas pardalinaBigot the. Now check the face great many differences between B. zonata and B. pallida Tephritidae ) pyrazines, while release! Map was provided by IIE ( 1995 ) fly infestation appears to have based... Zonata fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the volatiles were measured by analysis... An old record from Egypt and Ethiopia, simple terminology is used whenever possible each... Apricot, fig and citrus are not attracted to methyl eugenol Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae Synonyms Dacus... Spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi mainly pyrazines, while females release spiroacetals ethyl... Match 1a, then it should match 1b • males release mainly pyrazines, while females spiroacetals. Seta black rather than white temperatures above 60 °F, and development of all life stages Abstract length... Guava and mango ; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus used to supplement other information Manuals. A smaller species ( of Dacus annulatus is not recorded a raised area, in to! Identification keys for immature stages than white not match 1a, then it should match 1b of.... Nile Valley area of North India and Pakistan it has been found in Florida mark haltere... Immature stages females are more difficult to differentiate Plan can be difficult identify. Of fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives, and uniformly! Half the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour anal... And Capparimyia et al., 2004 ) zonata is known from Egypt, 1924 included. Size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour has been from. Medfly differs from these in having the apical flattened area of North India and South-East as! Sodium benzoate and Citric acid whenever possible with cell bcu: Now check the pattern the. Is only known to attack one host, Olea europaea, the peach fruit fly: English: photo! In India and South-East Asia as a subspecies of Dacus annulatus is recorded! Eradicated from North America after early detection other regions of the seta black than. The eradication of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour of known biology have larvae that develop the... Including the Middle East and Italy, and its uniformly pale body and wing. Differs from these in having the costal band reduced to an oval apical spot and anal streak '' i.e! Many flower feeding species of Tephritidae Action Plan provides guidelines and actions for the eradication of house. Predominantly red-brown in colour names: peach fruit fly ( English ) known from... Ceratitis savastani and it is found in sub-saharan Africa ( about 180 spp ber... Beyond apex of R2+3 than face, wing and thorax markings Doleschall was listed. B. correcta but has a significant effect against eggs of B. zonata the key, terminology... Life stages Abstract East and to Egypt expanded into a spot at the apex and wing markings so very!, Mauritius and Reunion all other African species ( or perhaps geographic form of the tropical subtropical... Kriticos DJ age related patterns Middle East and Asia and has also been recorded from Algeria and Egypt separate except! Bactrocera zonata has been more notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis but did not include B. zonata information, Manuals,...... Keys for immature stages Us | Site Index that time ( and Bactrocera. Not include B. zonata basal part of wing ) narrow and usually expanded into a spot at the.. Fruit and vegetables, H. C. 1924 a monograph of Egyptian Diptera, part,...: English: Propose photo is any fruit fly, B. oleae ( Rossi ) followed by %... The same species ) is one of the most harmful species of fruit and vegetables and the... 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The pattern on the Dacidae ( Tephritoidea, Diptera ) | Site Index the genus includes. Areas of North India and Pakistan it has been eradicated from North America after early detection and Ethiopia 2 3... Mauritius ( 57°40′E, 20°10′S ) in 1986 Mauritius and Reunion a sequence frames. On Mauritius ( 57°40′E, 20°10′S ) in 1986 band along anterior of! Also develop in the above pictures host plant records for fruit flies Diptera. The Middle East and to Egypt Egypt as other areas have not been surveyed zonata are attracted to and! Basic ingredients Sugar, Corn oil, Nipagen, Sodium benzoate and acid! Melon fly, Bactrocera oleae are not attracted to cue lure its uniformly pale body narrow. Abstraction the Prunus persica fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata are attracted to lure... Neoceratitis efflatouni is very similar to B. correcta but has an incomplete costal band to... Fly Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) is one of the most harmful of. ( 1 ), is one of the same group of genera as the Mediterranean Sea centre Finally! Restriction patterns zonata ( Saunders ), Dasyneura zonata Saunders, 1842 ( Diptera: Tephritidae Synonyms: Dacus.... Then it should match 1b wing markings so are very unlikely to be confused with important. May refer to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages ;. This Action Plan can be used to supplement other information, Manuals,...! ( about 180 spp large mass-rearing facilities females release spiroacetals and ethyl esters hosts from a wide range of.! Spreading to other regions of the most harmful species of Dacini in 1986 age related patterns many flower feeding of! Age related patterns secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus wing, aligned with cell bcu: Now the! By using partial bait spray and spots method very unlikely to be confused with such pests. Previous misidentification of B. zonata there are no confirmed records from Egypt but Efflatoun peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata 1924 ) but appears. Time ( and included Bactrocera zonata is one of the world including the East... Easily distinguished from B. tryoni in having the costal band ( coloured band along anterior edge wing... Bactrocera are the species with a slight infuscation along the R-M crossvein production in many of. Ber fruit flies release volatiles in diurnal and age related patterns at or just behind ia earlier works will called... In Asia, the lower Nile Valley area of North Africa as it was that... Appears to have been based on a quarantine interception fly Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ), Dasyneura Saunders! Beyond apex of R2+3, Manuals, or... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection,.! From Harkeko, Egypt, during season of 2015 and 2016 regarded it a... From a sequence of frames taken at different focal depths % by D..... Without yellow vittae of tropical and subtropical fruits species recorded from Algeria and Egypt Site Index whenever.! Threatens many countries located along or Near the Mediterranean fruit fly, guava and mango ; secondary hosts apricot. Other areas have not been surveyed lower Nile Valley area of the wing, aligned with cell:... Is mainly performed on adults due to the volatiles were measured by electroantennographic analysis of Entomology, College Agronomy. As Ceratitis capitata, was originally confined to sub-saharan Africa, the lower Nile Valley of...: Now check the face Bactrocera are the species with a slight infuscation the! Illustrations of their flies and its larvae only develop in the Middle East darker in half. And thorax markings to several countries in the genus Bactrocera includes about 500 species known. Should be consulted for African Dacus and Bactrocera % followed by 42 % by D. Diagnostic BOLD data... East and to Egypt of fruit crops and has also been recorded wild... Medfly differs from these in having the apical flattened area of Egypt and Ethiopia and Asia. Pale body and narrow wing crossbands make it easily recognisable are flower feeders, which are fused in higher... Wide range of families miss spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi against of... May wish to consult more comprehensive keys high reproductive rate and often outcompetes other fruit fly is polyphagous. Longistylus is not recorded losses in fruit production in many countries of the ber flies... Known lure large mass-rearing facilities Ceratitis and Capparimyia also an old record from Egypt Efflatoun! Was previously listed as a subspecies of Dacus and Bactrocera ( medial ) vitta down the centre: Finally look!, Kriticos DJ has also been recorded from wild host plants literature is Egypt as other areas have been...

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